Kazimir Malevitch

Kasimir Malevitch (1878-1935)
Kazimir Malevitch - NeoPopRealism Journal

Malevich, Kasimir (1878-1935). Russian painter and designer, the most important pioneer of geometric abstract art.

Malevitch born near Kiev; trained at Kiev School of Art and Moscow Academy of Fine Arts.

He began working in an unexceptional Post-Impressionist manner, but by 1912 he was painting peasant subjects in a massive `tubular' style similar to that of Léger as well as pictures combining the fragmentation of form of Cubism with the multiplication of the image of Futurism (The Knife Grinder, Yale Univ. Art Gallery, 1912).

1913 he began creating abstract geometric patterns in style he called suprematism, taught painting in Moscow and Leningrad 1919-21, published book, The Nonobjective World (1926), on his theory.

Malevich was fired with the desire 'to free art from the burden of the object' & launched the Suprematist movement, which brought abstract art to a geometric simplicity more radical than anything previously seen. He claimed that he made a picture `consisting of nothing more than a black square on a white field' as early as 1913, but Suprematist paintings were first made public in Moscow in 1915 and there is often difficulty in dating his work. There's often difficulty also in knowing which way up his paintings should be hung, photographs of early exhibitions sometimes providing conflicting evidence.

Malevich moved away from absolute austerity, tilting rectangles from the vertical, adding more colors, introducing a suggestion of the third dimension & a degree of painterly handling.

Around 1918 he returned to his purest ideals with a series of White on White paintings. After this he seems to have realized he could go no further along this road and virtually gave up abstract painting, turning more to teaching, writing, and making three-dimensional models that were important in the growth of Constructivism.

In 1919 he started teaching at the art school at Vitebsk, where he exerted a profound influence on Lissitzky, and in 1922 he moved to Leningrad, where he lived for the rest of his life.

He visited Warsaw and Berlin in 1927, accompanying an exhibition of his works and visited the Bauhaus. In the late 1920s he returned to figurative painting, but was out of favor with a political system that now demanded Socialist Realism from its artists. He died in neglect. However, his influence on abstract art, in the west as well as Russia, was enormous.

The best collection of his work is in the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam. Image

Category: Artists

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