About Brookings:
Joseph Pechman, director of the Economic Studies program at Brookings, pushed hard for comprehensive reform of the U.S. tax code in the early 1980s. His research led to the Tax Reform Act of 1986—a major bill that had a profound impact on the U.S. economy.
In the 1990s, the federal government devolved many of social programs back to cities and states, and Brookings shaped a new generation of urban policies to help build strong neighborhoods, cities, and metropolitan regions. As President Bill Clinton prepared to sign historic welfare reform legislation, experts at Brookings teamed up to study the nation’s policies on children and families. In 2001, a Brookings proposal for a child tax credit became part of major tax legislation.
The ongoing effort to improve the tax system also benefited from work by Brookings economists Bill Gale and Mark Iwry. These experts argued that the key to helping Americans save for retirement was making a tax incentive refundable in order to help lower-income workers. The legislation they inspired has helped make them two of the most-quoted, and most influential, economists in the United States.
The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, increased the urgency of developing strategies to address the threat while sustaining America’s role as a force for prosperity and stability abroad and an open society at home. With remarkable speed, Brookings experts produced influential proposals for homeland security and intelligence operations. They also testified before Congress and used the Institution’s outreach capacity, including its in-house television studio, to explain the new global reality to a frightened public.

Introducing selected titles:

Election Fraud, M. AllvarezElection Fraud: Detecting and Deterring Electoral Manipulation, edited by R. Michael Alvarez, Thad E. Hall, and Susan D. Hyde, published by Brookings in 2008. This book presents the research on measuring, defining and detecting election fraud and electoral manipulation. The 1st part of Election Fraud examines the U.S. understanding of election fraud in comparative perspective. The second part of this book investigates the nature and extent of election fraud in the U.S. We have a long way to go to realizing a complete understanding of election fraud. American nation needs to commit more resources to studying the election process, including election fraud, and to understand the threats to the election system and how these threats can be minimized. R. Michael Alvarez is coauthor and professor of political science at the California Institute of Technology and codirector of the Caltech-MIT Voting Technology Project. Thad E. Hall is coauthor and assistant professor of political science at the University of Utah. Susan D. Hyde is coauthor and assistant professor of political science at Yale University.



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